Zero-phonon Mn2+ luminescence in natural grossular Ca3Al2(SiO4)3

M Gaft1, G Waychunast 2,3, GR Rossman3, L Nagli1, A Goryachev1, Y Raichlin1

1 Ariel University
Physics Department
 Ariel, Israel
2 Energy Geosciences Division
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
MS 74-316C
One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA, USA
3 Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences  
California Institute of Technology
Pasadena, CA  91125-2500, USA


A natural grossular garnet was found to have a luminescence spectrum with a narrow vibrational structure and short decay time that is unusual for minerals. We propose that such emission is generated by Mn2+ accompanied by defect F-centers which both enhance the transition probability and give rise to sensitivity to optical bleaching and reconstitution via irradiation. The elevated Mn concentration in comparison with other potential luminescent impurities was confirmed by LIBS analysis. Such interpretation contradicts the traditional opinion that Mn2+ centers in minerals are characterized only by broadband emission with very long decay times typical of d-d transitions.

  the grossular  grossular luminescence

Grossular garnets found near Georgetown, El Dorado Co., CA, in daylight (left) and under UV light (right)

Luminescence Spectrum

The grossular luminescence spectrum