An IR absorption calibration for water in minerals

Eugen Lobowitzky

Institut für Mineralogie und Krstallographie. Universität Wien-Geozentrurn, Althanstr. 14. A-I 090 Wien, Austria

George R. Rossman

Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences. California Institute of Technology 170-25
Pasadena. California 91125-2500, U.S.A.



Using IR absorption data from polarized measurements on single-crystal minerals with stoichiometric water contents (in the form of H2O or OH groups in the structure), a linear calibration curve (r2 ~ 0.98) for water in minerals is established in the form: E, (the integrated molar absorption coefficient in units of cm2 per mol H2O/L) = 246.6(3753 - ν) (ν = the mean wavenumber of the OH stretching band [in cm-1]). The investigated minerals include hydrogrossular, analcime, hemimorphite and its dehydrated phase, law sonite, goethite, diaspore, manganite, mozartite, and pectolite. The influence of hydrogen bonding, leading to increased absorption values with lower OH stretching band energies, is confirmed. It is further shown that only the use of integrated absorbance values (band areas) results in a linear correlation with water content, whereas linear absorption data (peak heights) are not correlated. The calibration agrees with previously published quantitative IR data on staurolite and trace H in pyroxenes. It is also close to the frequently used trend of Paterson (1982). However, some of the previous calibrations of trace H in nominally anhydrous minerals, e.g., kyanite and pyrope, differ appreciably from the correlation derived from stoichiometrically hydrous minerals.