Analysis of hydrogen in olivine by SIMS: evaluation of standards and protocol.

Jed L. Mosenfelder, Marion  Le Voyer, George R. Rossman
Yunbin Guan, Paul D. Asimow, John Eiler

Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA  91125-2500, USA

David R. Bell

School of Earth and Space Exploration
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA

American Mineralogist 96, 1725-1741


    We measured hydrogen concentrations in 12 olivines using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS and NanoSIMS), cross-calibrated against Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and nuclear reaction analysis (NRA). Five of these samples are routinely used for calibration in other laboratories. We assess the suitability of these olivines as standards based on over 300 SIMS analyses, comprising 22 separate calibrations. Seven olivines with 0-125 ppm H2O give highly reproducible results; in contrast to previous studies, the data are fit to well-constrained calibration lines with high correlation coefficients (r2 = 0.98-1). However, four kimberlitic megacrysts with 140-245 ppm H2O sometimes yield 16O1H/30Si ratios that have very high uncertainties and can  vary by up to a factor of two even in sequential analyses. An obvious cause of such behavior is the presence of sub-microscopic inclusions of hydrous minerals, such as serpentine. In most cases, however, we link the anomalies to the presence of sub-micron to micron-scale pores (as small as 100 nm), imaged using SEM and NanoSIMS. These pores are interpreted to be fluid inclusions containing liquid H2O, other volatiles (including fluorine) and/or condensed hydrous phase precipitates. Ionization of the pores contributes variably to the measured 16O1H, resulting in analyses with erratic depth profiles and corresponding high uncertainties (up to 16%, 2σmean). After filtering of these analyses using a simple criterion based on the error predicted by Poisson counting statistics, all the data fit well together. In contrast to previous studies, our results imply that the Bell et al. (2003) calibration can be applied accurately to all olivines with IR  bands from ~3400-3700 cm-1, without the need for band-specific IR absorption coefficients.

Compare Results

Raw Data: Olivine samples:

IR Spectra (Microsoft Excel files with alpha, beta and gamma spectra):

All spectra in one file
GRR 1012-2
GRR 1629-2
GRR 1695-2
GRR 1784e
GRR 997
GRR 999a
KLV 23
ROM 177
ROM 250 ol 13
ROM 250 ol 2

Appendices: Electron microprobe and SIMS analyses and calibration data  (Microsoft Excel files):

Appendix 1: Electron microprobe analyses of olivine standards
Appendix 2: SIMS analyses, May 2009
Appendix 3: SIMS analyses of olivine, March 2010
Appendix 4: SIMS analyses, Calibration 19, March 2010
Appendix 5: NanoSIMS analyses, Calibrations 20-22

Last update:  14-Oct-2014